Gustavo Cevolani (IMT Lucca)

Critical Thinking (long seminar without exam)

Constructing and evaluating arguments is fundamental in all branches of science, as well as in everyday life. The course provides the basic skills and tools to recognize correct forms of inference and reasoning, detect the unsound or fallacious ones, and assess the strength of various kinds of argument. The toolbox includes elementary deductive logic, patterns of inductive and abductive inference, the basics of statistical and probabilistic reasoning, and the analysis of heuristics and biases in cognitive psychology.

Philosophy of Science (long seminar without exam)

This is an introduction to the basic concepts and problems in the analysis of scientific reasoning and inquiry. The course will focus on some central patterns of reasoning and argumentation which in science and critically discuss their features and limitations. Topics covered include the nature of theory and evidence, the logic of theory testing, and the debate about the aims of science and the trustworthiness of scientific results.

Critical Thinking (long seminar without exam)

Constructing and evaluating arguments is fundamental in all branches of science, as well as in everyday life. The course provides the basic skills and tools to recognize correct forms of inference and reasoning, detect the unsound or fallacious ones, and assess the strength of various kinds of argument. The toolbox includes elementary deductive logic, patterns of inductive and abductive inference, the basics of statistical and probabilistic reasoning, and the analysis of heuristics and biases in cognitive psychology.

Philosophy of Science (long seminar without exam)

This is an introduction to the basic concepts and problems in the analysis of scientific reasoning and inquiry. The course will focus on some central patterns of reasoning and argumentation which in science and critically discuss their features and limitations. Topics covered include the nature of theory and evidence, the logic of theory testing, and the debate about the aims of science and the trustworthiness of scientific results.

Philosophy and Neuroscience in Moral Reasoning

The analysis of moral reasoning and surrounding topics – how do we form moral judgments? how do they influence behavior? how do we assess virtuous versus malicious actions? – is a classical problem of moral philosophy (ethics) since antiquity. More recently, moral psychologists started tackling those problems using a descriptive, empirically based approach. Still more recently, people started investigating the impact of results in neuroscience for the foundations of moral reasoning.