Science Integrity and Misconduct

1. Introduction
a. The age of scientific fraud
b. FFP (Fabrication, Falsification, Plagiarism)
c. Error, misconduct, fraud

2. Great scientists, successful cheaters
a. Is scientific fraud a new phenomenon?
b. Accused: famous scientists were fraudsters?
c. Present vs past

3. Fraudulent images
a. Scientific images as data
b. Introduction to fraudulent image manipulation
c. Image manipulation detection 
d. Large scale analysis of image manipulation

4. The numbers of scientific disguise
a. Lying with numbers
b. Detection of numerical manipulations
c. Large scale studies

5. Stealing into print
a. What is plagiarism
b. Plagiarism detection
c. Large scale studies

6. The aftermath of fraud
a. Damage to Science
b. Economic costs
c. Effects on our lives
d. Personal effects

7. Personal and systemic factors causing misconduct
a. Individual factors connected to scientific fraud
b. Systemic incentives to fraud
c. The social components of scientific fraud

8. What can be done?
a. Changing the weight of publications in academic’s career: proposals
b. Education: do current efforts succeed?
c. Editorial Policies
• Open data policies: current status and perspectives
d. International academic policies
• Declarations (S. Francisco, Singapore)
• The position of EU
e. Local academic policies
• Dedicated Institutions: ORI
• The German way: Ombudsmen and other systems
• Italy: CNR, Federico II and other guidelines
f. Lab policies
• Italian examples
g. Legal policies
• Administrative and internal (no judiciary intervention)
• Judiciary (with a review of international trials and sanctions)

9. Beyond scientific fraud: research ethics
a. Introducing Ethics in Science
b. 3 rules for responsible scientists
c. Experimenting with humans and animals
d. Unethical behaviours in publishing