This course will discuss the state-of-the-art of knowledge into the neural bases of human brain function. Students will learn about the brain correlates of cognition, emotion and behavior in humans, including perception, conceptual representation and decision-making processes. Among the questions what will be examined, how do we perceive the external world? How do we acquire knowledge and form a conceptual representation? Do we really need vision to see? How do we make a decision? How do genetic and environmental factors affect our choices? The Course will also discuss how it is now possible to decode neural information about thinking and consciuosness itself.