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Generation of test data structures using Constraint Logic Programming

23 maggio 2012
Ex Boccherini - Piazza S. Ponziano 6 (Conference Room )
The goal of Bounded-Exhaustive Testing (BET) is the automatic generation of all the test cases satisfying a given invariant, within a given bound. When the input has a complex structure, the development of correct and efficient generators becomes a very challenging task. In this talk we show how to use Constraint Logic Programming (CLP) to systematically develop generators of structurally complex test data. Similarly to filtering-based test generation, we follow a declarative approach which allows us to separate the issue of(i)~defining the test structure and invariant, from that of (ii)~generating admissible test input instances. This separation helps improve the correctness of the developed test case generators. However, in contrast with filtering approaches, we rely on a symbolic representation and we take advantage of efficient search strategies provided by CLP systems for generating test instances. Through some experiments on examples taken from the literature on BET, we show that CLP, by combining the use of constraints and recursion, allows one to write intuitive and easily understandable test generators. We also show that these generators can be much more efficient than those built using ad-hoc filtering-based test generation tools like Korat.
Senni, Valerio - Università degli Studi di Roma - Tor Vergata - Roma